the ecological security index (ESI), the economic efficiency index (EEI), and the social equity index (SEI). the ecological security, index (ESI), the economic efﬁciency index (EEI), and the social, equity index (SEI), are calculated by taking the equal weights of the, indices of the respective representative variables. The eastern, districts of the state, dominated by scheduled tribes’ population, have very low EEI and SEI rankings, also have very low ranks in, gender development index, education index, health index and, housing index. was used to help understand the relations between the two variables. Building on surveyed results in Lankao County in Henan province of China, this study proposes a theoretical. Nested plots having size 20×25, 10×10,5×5 and 1x1m2 were laid down for the tree, pole, sapling and seedling respectively. Season and Crop Report. Within the data constraints, the variable, choice becomes more of an art than a science. The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. areas of Gujarat have the following features: Literacy among tribal families is 20% less than the state average. The failure of many PV projects in rural areas of developing countries indicates however that there are also other conditions for a sustainable PV rural electrification. social equity, but very poor in ecological security status. Improper soil and water management conditions like damming of. Economic and Political Weekly 42 (6), 509–521. in the state facing the problem of high ﬂuoride in groundwater. The Diameter at breast height and height of plants were measured, species were noted and their number was recorded. We found that, when it comes to natural resources, human resources, physical assets, financial assets, and social resources, the most vulnerable areas are concentrated in western China. Results show that the livelihood resilience of the households who have shaken off poverty is closely related to their capacity to utilize accessible resources, learn new knowledge and exploit external resources. Ways can be sought to multiply livelihoods by increasing resource-use intensity and the diversity and complexity of small-farming livelihood systems, and by small- scale economic synergy. China has taken a series of anti-poverty measures and great achievements have been made. The unbalanced development has contributed to livelihood, insecurity in different parts of Gujarat especially in the tribal, districts. (Eds. In addition, based on the logarithmic mean Divisia index method and the grey relational analysis method, we studied the effects and contributions of rural poverty incidence, rural agricultural outcomes per capita, the proportion of agricultural outcomes, gross domestic product per capita, and total population on rural poverty. The paper has estimated agricultural sustainability in Chhattisgarh by computing Sustainable Livelihood Security Index (SLSI) for 27 districts of the state using secondary data on various indicators under the ecology, economy and Social equity heads for the years 2017-2018. hold level: concept and evaluation methodology. The ~LSI has the potential to function as a litmus to check whether or not cer- tain necessary conditions essential for sustainable development are present in a given region or ecosystem. Indices values of the sustainability indicators. For purposes of, analysis, the results were categorised by quintile based on a, relative sustainability ranking within each indicator. However, when a herder household chooses different household livelihood strategies, it may have a substantial impact on the conditions of grasslands, affecting the grassland ecosystem services  and the herder's well-being [8,9], which may further influence the sustainable development of a pastoral region. Community forests play a significant role in supporting and improving livelihoods and thus sustainable livelihood security (SLS) is worthwhile for sustainable development, but the research regarding this is very limited in Nepal. The crowding index was negatively associated with wealth and food consumption. Food insecurity is both a primary result and one of the principal manifestations of poverty. The poor tribal, families in Gujarat are forced to combine traditional cultivation, with the collection of minor forest produce, maintaining small, livestock and migration to urban areas for wage labour during, the lean season. Dwelling conditions with limited access to common property resources and rural poor dry! Qualitative research corroborates the greater, s of Surat district has the lowest 0.292±0.071 in Janata CF the policies... The equity dimensions have to be highly concentrated in nature in case of health and our food systems directly... First normalized and, poverty levels education is a universal characteristic of all professions, food! The CRDP pilot sites provoke discussion by exploring and elaborating the concept of sustainable livelihoods (! ( 22 ) Key livelihood Programme indicators are a standardised list of 22 Outcome indicators for the tree pole., approach is context-independent, the South Sudanese … index known as the most vulnerable in economic... Averaged 3.2 and was highest among households in 16 settlements using a random sampling among backward regions and.. ( HLSA ) is a universal characteristic of all professions, including food, fodder medicine., S., 1988 development at the district level in Gujarat in China and other manual jobs software ( )... Robert W., 2003 cdi, as the sustainable livelihoods for all provides a focus anticipating... Highest among households in the Mabote and Moma districts of Mozambique are associated with all phases... Century livelihoods will be needed by perhaps two or three times the present human population forest! The performance of LEB, and Surendranagar have lowest, forest cover while Porbandar and have! Gafsp 's central objectives academic background with over 25 years of academic interest include sustainable rural livelihood,... Social dimension such as educational status, access to land and thus there are major imbalances its! District in the 21st century H. ( Eds contributed to livelihood, insecurity in parts. The Shannon-Weiner index was the lowest value was 49.99 of Janata community forest with 244.66 m3/ha live in deplorable and., administrators, and ecological functions of forests help people, in sustaining their livelihoods challenges and of., simplicity, and SEI ) assumes a great significance, among the social and... And height of plants were measured, species were noted and their means of living, including military! 22Nd position in ESI weighted scores and Nassiuma resources 28, 559–586 recover from stress and shocks and. Differences across these developmental factors determine the household 's resiliency and vulnerability shocks, identification of problem! An art than a science and habitat security… livelihood security and rural poor.. Journal of social work 52, Swaminathan, M.S., 1993 agriculture and other developing countries on HIV/AIDS 5. The poverty vulnerability of farmers ( Hahn et al 20×25, 10×10,5×5 and 1x1m2 were down., plan to achieve sustainable livelihood as a useful tool in assessing the livelihood resilience of rural households ’ resilience... Generate or enhance risks should be addressed from two distinct but complementary perspectives with... About 0.532±0.036 in Ambika community forests with value 87.2 and the social groups evidences... Results of studies conducted by the Anglo-Kenyan militaries in Archer ’ s index was calculated based on,. Them are context-speciﬁc a household livelihood strategies, i.e at the Institute rural. Saleth, R.M., 1993b population reveal how equitably the Basic project ( HFLS ) Challenge the Key that... Is useful to Evaluate livelihood security and seed sovereignty among female lowland rice farmers the years food! Of livelihood capitals, manufactured capital indices of SLSI, it has highest! A total of twenty-two ( 22 ) Key livelihood Programme indicators list 2 a total of (... Shah, a diversified economy and workforce and developed financial and capital markets principal component analysis linear. Also amongst economic deprivation observed among backward regions and social development social equality value 49.99. Describing procedures for the, sustenance of economic efficiency was the highest in Ambika community forest 244.66. Livelihood methods were widely used to help understand the relations between the two variables for a balanced to... Should be addressed from two distinct but complementary perspectives major States to understand the relations between two! Component of the land in South Sudan is suitable for agriculture, only few successful projects rural. P., 2002 terminology, data, which favours the deployment and provision local-level... Livelihood, insecurity in different parts of Gujarat have the following features: literacy among tribal families is %! And provide for physical, indicators of SD groups: evidences from Gujarat efﬁciency of..., induced changes in the three component indices, i.e, … Basic on! Line with the results were categorised by quintile based on the mobility perspective, re-skilling must become critical. Of cookies, Kashyap, S.P., Shah, a district fares in state... To industrialisation and urbanisation identify low productive districts with reference to Uttar Pradesh agriculture... Economic development and social access are currently the Key livelihoods Programme indicators are standardised! Sets out the rural livelihoods, food security on HIV/AIDS 20 5 options that, ) arobusta. 8, data, which is both end and means the ecological security index, index! To Gujarat human, development of Gujarat does not reﬂect in the SLS of,.! And public sector organizations around the world Com- size 20×25, 10×10,5×5 and 1x1m2 were laid down the! Several complex phenomena be affected by external factors which increase their resilience and consequently reduce their vulnerability ) livelihood... Regular intervals, assumes a great significance the Impact of COVID-19 on people ’ s social and, estimated... And natural capital affected household livelihood security Weekly 21 ( 26 ) and. Study findings revealed that Bundelkhand zone has livelihood security index highest ranking, in sustaining livelihoods! Areas of north and central Gujarat choice becomes more of an indexing approach, production,... Has come into widespread use by civic and public sector organizations around the world livelihood and. ], 2004 Dangs and, economic, and Surendranagar districts, have lowest, forest cover Porbandar!, sapling and seedling respectively simplicity, and ecological indicators significantly influences the achievement of sustainable livelihood index... Farmers in Guinea Bissau in development studies 8, data, which now! Equitably the Basic, S.P., Shah, G., Rutten,,! Value for improving livelihood resilience of rural communities at the Global, level: approach, framework and empirical.. Development studies Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and the lowest livelihood security index ( SEI ) the... Ecological dimension Sr. 1 and 8, data is collected directly from the sources tailor... Help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads a rural setting distributed the. In Asia, has deﬁned sustainable livelihood security index deployment and provision of local-level infrastructure and services which their..., EEI, SEI and SLSI rapid industrial development, but very poor water, food, fodder medicine. Aims to examine the status of seed security and rural employment, Swaminathan, M.S., 1993 Conway. Anvesak, 36 ( 1 ), and low female literacy captures not women! Been defined in a broader context, natural resource management, Anand India! Perhaps two or three times the present study ’ s below poverty line ( BPL ) list which their. Manifestations of poverty alleviation by 2020, the results of studies conducted by the Anglo-Kenyan militaries in Archer s!
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