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when to hyphenate numbers and words

In general, follow the hyphenation shown in the Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary and the APA Dictionary of Psychology to determine how to spell and hyphenate words in APA Style papers. The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. How do you hyphenate a phrase such as "8-10 hour week"? My grandma is sixty-seven years old. For example, if your dog is two years old, you would use hyphens to describe him as a two-year-old dog. Numbers Written Out Using Hyphens Use a hyphen between the tens and units number when writing out the numbers twenty-one to ninety-nine in words. 125 . This way, the reader knows that both words function like a unit to modify another noun. Thank you for subscribing to our newsletter! … When writing out the numbers twenty-one through ninety-nine, always use a hyphen. But you have plenty of options otherwise, including: Trusted by thousands of leading institutions and businesses. 8. Examples: one thousand one hundred fifty-four dollars. In cases where a sentence calls for a list of hyphenated words or numbers that share a common word, it's usually OK to write the word only for the last item in the list. Numbers higher than 99 do not need a hyphen. Clarity is the main factor here, so we'd avoid “8-10-hour week” since it could be a bit confusing (i.e., you have two hyphens doing different things: one indicating a range of figures; the other forming a compound). You also use hyphens between two words if they belong to the following categories: Numbers 21 through 99 You need a hyphen when writing out numbers twenty-one and ninety-nine, and everything between. This applies whether the number is written in words or in digits. Smith is still expected to rake in enough votes to clear the 15-percent threshold to get a share of the … 7. Just like that! Generally, hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea. So check if there’s a style in place where you work. The latter looks funny, but I think it follows the rule to hyphenate. This is called a compound adjective. Like spelled-out numbers, hyphenate numerals with units of time that appear directly before the nouns they are describing. When writing out the numbers twenty-one (21) to ninety-nine (99), we use a hyphen between the tens and units number. Summary: When to Hyphenate Numbers. Hyphenate a compound adjective in which one element is a cardinal or ordinal number and the other a noun: a two-car family. Limit the number of consecutive lines that end with a hyphen. When to use words for numbers and when to use figures is a style choice. Compound words may be written as two separate words (e.g., health care), one hyphenated word (e.g., self-esteem), or one solid word (e.g., caregiver). 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First we’ll talk about when you do hyphenate an age: You do it when the age is acting like a noun and when the age is an adjective that comes before the noun and modifies the noun. However, use the word and to express any decimal points that may accompany these numbers. En Dash. Proofreading Quiz: What’s Your Harry Potter Proofreading Personality? The decision to use numerals instead of spelled-out numbers will depend on your preferred style guide. When a number is part of an adjective (e.g.. Hi, Andrea. a third-rate play. sixty-seven. It is named as it occupies the space like the letter n. It is … We often use the hyphen to break a word into two parts when … Because it isn’t always clear when a number needs a hyphen. I haven’t seen Gerald since nineteen forty-five. Rule number 5: hyphenating to tell age Use hyphens when writing ages that include the words year, month, day, or week. a compound word. Do not use hyphens for other numbers.. ninety-nine. Rule 8a. Compound Numbers. Examples. (3) When writing fractions in full. The bingo caller pulled a ball from the machine and announced: “Two little ducks, twenty-two.”. You should always hyphenate numbers when you are describing compound numbers between 21 and 99 (except 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90). Always hyphenate the numbers 21 to 99 when writing them out as words: I have twenty-one pairs of novelty socks. Rules can vary on when to hyphenate numbers, so it is always worth checking your style sheet if you or your employer has one (or if you have been asked to use a standard style guide, like APA or Chicago). Is the guy working twenty shifts that are each four hours long, twenty-four shifts that are each an hour long? How to Hyphenate Numbers. Select whether to hyphenate words written in ALL CAPS. This rule concern numbers starting from 21 (twenty-one) to 99 (ninety-nine) excluding such numbers as 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90 as they consist of one single word. Why? Copyediting Services Explained: This is What the Professionals Do, How to Write a Thesis Statement That Your Professor Will Love, 11 Extremely Funny Cover Letters That People Actually Sent, The Free Essay Editing Checklist That will Put You Top of the Class, The Simple Cover Letter Formula That Will Land You an Interview Every Time. Always hyphenate adjectives that include a number when they appear in front of the noun they’re modifying. Knowing when to hyphenate numbers is important because the correct use of the hyphen helps your reader to understand which numbers are part of a given adjective and avoids any ambiguity. In this example, the age—70-year-old—is used as a noun, and you hyphenate it: Compound adjectives containing a number. Hyphens and Numbers. I have ninety-nine problems, but none involve a female dog. A one hundred million dollar profit is not such a big deal when you made two hundred and eighty-six million dollars the year before. We anticipate that significant unplanned outages of the network will occur approximately five-ten … Definition: A hyphen is a short dash that breaks words apart or joins them together. a first-class coach. Is it as written or "8-10-hour week"? Forty-five . a five-kilometre trek. Note: Hyphenate all numbers between 21 and 99 (less those ending 0, e.g., 50, 60). I have ninety-nine problems, but none involve a female dog. Numbers higher than 99 do not need a hyphen. The Hyphenation zone option here sets the space between the last word on a line and the right margin. You can also upload a document to get an instant quote. Referencing Tips: What Are URLs and DOIs? The hyphen ‐ is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. Learn when hyphens should be used between words, within words, and in numbers. There are no hard and fast rules although most tend to write smaller numbers in words and use numerals for larger numbers. Five- or 10-page document (There is a hyphen after five because the word “page” is understood.) … There were over one hundred people in line for the concert. Hyphens. Larger round numbers, such as “one hundred,” do not require a hyphen. The original ticker had half full and half empty without hyphens, and then the next minute the words showed up with hyphens. When writing out 21 to 99 as words (e.g.. Hyphenation Options in Microsoft Word for Mac Assuming that isn't an option, though, we would probably recommend "a two thousand five hundred-foot moutain" since "two thousand five hundred" would not itself usually be hyphenated (i.e., the hyphen connects the number and the measurement in the adjectival form, but you don't need to add extra hyphens to the number). When numbers are used as the first part of a compound adjective, use a hyphen to connect them to the noun that follows them. Typically, this is a line or... What about a hyphenated compound like this... do you insert hyphens between all of the numbers? More hyphenation options. Hyphens are also used in larger numbers in the thousands and millions places. Use hyphens to link certain prefixes, suffixes, letters, and numbers with nouns; compound nouns; compound modifiers; spelled-out numbers; Also use hyphens for the following purposes: to clarify the meaning of certain words; to divide words; to express to or through between two letters or numbers Hyphens in Numbers. For example: Four . Examples: Fifty-six bottles of pop on the wall, fifty-six bottles of cold drink, etc. He climbed a two thousand five hundred foot mountain. I will send a 40-page document later today. However, it’s only 21 to 99 that we hyphenate in these large numbers. Exception to the rule: Do not hyphenate percentages or money. The en dash (–), a hyphen with a growth spurt, is used to represent the words “to” or “through” when specifying a range. 24,624,678 (24,624,678.5 (twenty-four million, six hundred twenty-four thousand, six hundred seventy-eight and five tenths). Other numbers don’t require a hyphen. You will often have to look up a compound word in the dictionary to decide whether it is written as one word, two words, or with a hyphen. You could see evidence of a hyphen debate taking place right on the screen. Around twenty-four million people eat fast food every day. Hyphens are not the same as dashes. This applies to any number between twenty-one (21) and ninety-nine (99). Numbers between twenty-one and ninety-nine should be hyphenated when they are spelled out as it is one of the followed rules. The shortest of the dashes, hyphens can create interesting descriptive phrases by linking words and parts of words. I was shocked to see that there were three hundred chickens living in the barn. A compound number is any number that consists of two words; for example, eighty-eight, twenty-two, forty-nine. Do the same when writing an ordinal version of one of these numbers: My forty-first birthday was the best day ever. Two words brought together as a compound may be written separately, written as one word, or connected by hyphens. Affordable Editors and Proofreaders. If you want some help proofreading your important documents, check out Vappingo. Rules can vary on when to hyphenate numbers, so it is always worth checking your style sheet if you or your employer has one (or if you have been asked to use a standard style guide, like APA or Chicago). So, any number in between those two (21-99) requires a hyphen in order to be spelled properly. A total of two hundred and fifty-five people participated in the survey. Use hyphens for lists of compound words with a common base. When writing out compound numbers as words. Hyphens are also used when describing ages—whether you’re writing out the number or or using numerals—both when the age is the noun (Give this to the five-year-old) and when the age is a modifier before the noun (Look at the cute 6-year-old girl). Examples: Fifty-six; Thirty-two; You’ll also want to use hyphens to write fractions. We’ve written about hyphens and numbers before, but here we’re combining the two. Non-hyphenated is an example of a hyphenated word. However, these numbers don’t need a hyphen when they occur elsewhere: The same rules apply when writing out fractions. We study seventeenth-century manuscripts. As such, we hyphenate them when they’re used adjectivally in front of a noun, but not in other cases: A two-third majority voted for the new laws. Use a hyphen in fractions (three-fourths of a pizza) but only when the fraction comes before the verb (The pizza was cut into three thirds). This applies to both words and numerals: Subscribe to our newsletter and get writing tips from our editors straight to your inbox. For example: thirty-four. A compound number is any number that consists of two words; for example, eighty-eight, twenty-two, forty-nine. Rule 1. You have to put the hyphen between any number which consists of two words. Examples: Twenty-two Eighty-six million dollars; Twenty-four thousand; Example Sentences: The old man was pushing eighty-five. No, I won’t party “like it’s nineteen ninety-nine.” I’ve got a hundred and twenty-two of these gizmos to sell. This same convention applies to other compound adjectives, too. The simple answer is that usually you would write larger numbers with numerals to ensure clarity (i.e., "a 2500-foot mountain"). I have a two-year-old dog. a $4-million project. 12 percent increase. Hyphenating Numbers: The Rules You should always hyphenate numbers when you are describing compound numbers between 21 and 99 (except 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90). When to Hyphenate Ages. [Infographic] Hyphen Use: Hyphenation Rules - Online Editing and Proofreading Services. We’ll help you achieve perfect punctuation every time! And if you do need to write out more numbers as words, you can follow these rules.Use a hyphen when writing two-word numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine (inclusive) as words. Compound Numbers (21–99) Always hyphenate the numbers 21 to 99 when writing them out as words: I have twenty-one pairs of novelty socks. For the other items in the list, write the word or number followed by a hyphen. However, the two main occasions to hyphenate numbers are: Read on to find out when to hyphenate numbers in your writing. However, there are two occasions when it is standard to hyphenate a number: And if you’d like an expert editor to check you’ve used numbers correctly in writing, why not submit a document for proofreading today?

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