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imperial japanese army organization

Company (~180 men) – Consisted of 3 platoons, each of 54 men, and a headquarters unit with 19 men. As the IJA was an infantry force the most common type of division was the infantry division. It contained a peculiar amalgam of medieval attitudes and modern material, for the Army still followed the code of Bushido which upheld the virtues of man-to-man combat in a machine age, and demanded that the Japanese soldier die rather than surrender. The Reinforced or Type "A" division generally substituted medium artillery companies with 4 x Type 91 10 cm Howitzer or long-range Type 92 10 cm Cannon for one or more field artillery companies in the field artillery regiment. [7] No true exchange rate existed for the yen during the war years, and wartime inflation reduced the yen to a fraction of its pre-war value. They were usually named after their commanders or the area in which they were to operate, and could be any size below division. As can also be seen from the diagram above, actual organizations and equipment could vary from division by division. Sole supporters of families and criminals sentenced to over six years penal servitude were automatically listed as Class IV-D and exempted from all service. Imperial Japanese Army. 1. The first 18 infantry divisions were originally formed as square divisions, and after 1938, most of the remainder were formed as triangular divisions with the security divisions being binary divisions. Home; Books; Search; Support. Independent Brigade (~5600 men) – Consisted of 5 battalions, along with other units. Upon reaching the age of 40 in peace-time, all soldiers in Classes I and II would be placed on the national service list and released from regular duties. According to United States Army's TM-E 30-480 Handbook On Japanese Military Forces, there were over 36,000 regular members of the Kempeitai at the end of the war; this did not include the many ethnic "auxiliaries". The Japanese Army was a mirror of Japanese society before 1945. Commanded by a Lieutenant-General. Second lieutenants were paid ¥850 yearly ($195.50), lieutenants ¥1020–1130 ($234.60–259.90) and captains ¥1470–1900 ($338.10-437). Normal-school graduates with the requisite marks had their active service reduced to five months. Similar to German Kampfgruppen, these detachments were usually a force of infantry, artillery, armor, and other support units which were temporarily assigned for independent action and had a special mission. Some of the men that were in combat during this time "Organization of the Imperial Japanese Army." The goal of the Imperial Army was surface superiority during instances of ground warfare, and were equipped with the means of seizing and defending a planet. Detachments were particular military formations of the Imperial Japanese Army. In practice, total conscription of the available population was only instituted during the Second World War. List of IJA Mixed Brigades 2. Japanese society consisted of many autonomous, competing groups. 5 talking about this. The Kempeitai may have trained Trinh Minh The, a Vietnamese nationalist and military leader. During the course of its existence the IJA organized three Guards Divisions and over 220 infantry divisions of various types (A/Reinforced, B/Standard, C/Counter-insurgency). During the Meiji Restoration, the military forces loyal to the Emperor were samurai drawn primarily from the loyalist feudal domains of Satsuma and Chōshū. This article details the organization of the Imperial Japanese Army. In the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the term Gun, literally meaning "army", was used in a different way to the military forces of other countries. Troops supplemented the Kempei Tai and were considered part of the organization but were forbidden by law to rise above the rank of Shocho (Sergeant Major). 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