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reverend lovejoy abolitionist

Five years later, he studied at the Princeton Theological Seminary in New Jersey and became an ordained Presbyterian preacher. Francis Butter Murdoch, the district attorney of Alton, prosecuted Lovejoy's murder but no one was convicted. In his name, his brother Owen became the leader of the Illinois abolitionists. He began an abolitionist newspaper in Illinois. Brown described Lovejoy as "a very good man, and decidedly the best master that I had ever had. [10] Lovejoy promptly embarked on his journey to Illinois, reaching Hillsboro, Montgomery County, in the fall of 1827. There are no choices 4,738 results, page 9 Margaret ____1__ young people may be able to list the many accomplishments of the Reverend Dr. Marting Luther, King jr. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Elijah-P-Lovejoy, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Elijah Lovejoy, Elijah P. Lovejoy - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Lovejoy's views on slavery began to incite complaints and threats. Reverend Lovejoy or Elijah Parish Lovejoy was a reverend who published anti-slavery articles in various newspapers. Lovejoy continued to fight for abolition, … Daniel Lovejoy named his son "Elijah Parish" in honor of his close friend and mentor, Elijah Parish, a minister who was also involved in politics. abolitionist reverend. Definitions of Reverend Lovejoy, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Reverend Lovejoy, ... For the abolitionist, see Elijah Parish Lovejoy. Reverent Lovejoy (aka Elijah Parish Lovejoy)- He was a famous abolitionist and Presbyterian minister during the early 19th century. Observing the enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, the Reverend Owen Lovejoy denied that the Constitution and the laws made under its authority must in all circumstances be obeyed. The presiding judge also doubled as a witness to the proceedings. The noted abolitionist Reverend Elijah P. Lovejoy (1802-37) is believed to have owned this press. He reminded the audience that he was a hardworking and God-fearing citizen who had broken no laws, and that the physical threats to him and his family were totally unjustified. In 1832, influenced by the Christian revivalist movement led by abolitionist David Nelson, he joined the First Presbyterian Church and decided to become a preacher. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He stopped in New York City in mid-June, to try to find work. There is a plaque honoring Elijah Parish Lovejoy on the external wall at the Mackay Campus Center at his alma mater, Princeton Theological Seminary. The Lovejoy School in Washington, DC was named in his honor in 1870. A group of prominent St. Louisans, including many of Lovejoy's friends, wrote a letter pleading with him to cease discussion of slavery in the newspaper. He eventually landed a position with the Saturday Evening Gazette as a newspaper subscription peddler. However, Lovejoy admitted to his parents that "gradually these feelings all left me, and I returned to the world a more hardened sinner than ever. There was such fear at the time of Lovejoy's death that no service was held, and the town newspaper he had led did not even report his death, though many other newspapers around the country decried this murder. Reverend Lovejoy or Elijah Parish Lovejoy was a reverend who published anti-slavery articles in various newspapers. Twenty years after Lovejoy’s death – and before becoming president – Lincoln wrote to his friend, the Reverend James Lemen, reflecting, “Lovejoy’s tragic death for freedom in every sense marked his sad ending as the most important single event that ever happened in … Threats of mob violence, however, forced him to move his press across the Mississippi River to Alton, in the free state of Illinois. After the Reverend Elijah Lovejoy, editor of an Abolitionist newspaper in St. Louis, moved it in 1836 to Alton, Illinois, the citizens of Alton destroyed in on three occasions. Lovejoy received financial support from minister Benjamin Tappan to continue his attendance at Waterville College. Get an answer to your question “1.How did Elijah Lovejoy and William Lloyd Garrison contribute to the abolitionist movement? [13], Although Illinois was a free state, Alton, Illinois was a center for slave catchers and pro-slavery forces. Elijah P. Lovejoy, in full Elijah Parish Lovejoy, (born November 9, 1802, Albion, Maine, U.S.—died November 7, 1837, Alton, Illinois), American newspaper editor and martyred abolitionist who died in defense of his right to print antislavery material in the period leading up to the American Civil War (1861–65). Frederick Douglass was a slave that then became a free man who could write. history PLEASE HELP AND FAST (use two examples) some historians say that the attacks by the abolitionist actually strengthened sectionalism in the south instead of weakening it. [14] He sold his interest in the Times, returned East to study at the Princeton Theological Seminary, and upon completion, went to Philadelphia, where he became an ordained minister of the Presbyterian Church in April 1833. He graduated at the top of his class in September of 1826, and began teaching at the China Academy. He attended revival meetings in 1831 led by William S. Potts, pastor of First Presbyterian Church that rekindled his interest in religion for a time. Chaplin sent the money that his former student so needed. [13], Lovejoy was considered a martyr by the abolition movement. [15], In 1837 he started the Alton Observer, also an abolitionist paper. Elijah Parish Lovejoy (November 9, 1802 – November 7, 1837) was an American Presbyterian minister, journalist, newspaper editor, and abolitionist. The 1837 mob killing of Elijah Lovejoy was finally commemorated by a monument in Alton's City Cemetery, installed sixty years later in 1897. Reverend Lovejoy ( Simpsons) (Presbyterian)Reverend Elijah Lovejoy. His activity in support of abolition had been prominently on display in two local forums. He also started an abolitionist paper called the Alton Observer. Elijah P. Lovejoy, in full Elijah Parish Lovejoy, (born November 9, 1802, Albion, Maine, U.S.—died November 7, 1837, Alton, Illinois), American newspaper editor and martyred abolitionist who died in defense of his right to print antislavery material in the period leading up to the American Civil War (1861–65). On the fourth, on November 7, 1837, the mob murdered Lovejoy. [13], Lovejoy held the Illinois Antislavery Congress at the Presbyterian church in Upper Alton on October 26, 1837. an abolitionist martyr. This led him to a partnership with T. J. Miller as an editor on the St. Louis Times, a paper that supported Henry Clay for President in 1832. Dissatisfied with daily teaching, Lovejoy thought about moving to the Southern or Western United States. In September 1826, Lovejoy graduated cum laude from Waterville College,[6] of which he was valedictorian. Despite its new location, his press was destroyed by mobs several times in one year. [4] He excelled in his studies, and upon faculty recommendation, from 1824 until his 1826 graduation, while still an undergraduate, he also served as headmaster of Colby's associated high school, the Latin School (later Coburn Classical Institute). Frederick Douglass was a leader of the abolitionist movement who had escaped from slavery and was a great orator and wrote very important antislavery writing. He worked as an editor of an anti-Jacksonian newspaper, the St. Louis Observer, and ran a school. Activity eli whitney’s invention of the cotton gin transformed the nature of u. s. slavery in the early 1800s. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, List of journalists killed in the United States, "Winthrop S. Gilman Dead: An Original Abolitionist and Successful Business Man and Banker", "Elijah Parish Lovejoy Was Killed By a Pro-slavery Mob", John Glanville Gill. What happened by the 1850s? In May 1836, after pro-slavery forces in St. Louis destroyed his printing press for the third time, Lovejoy left the city and moved across the river to Alton, in the free state of Illinois. He was shot and killed by a pro-slavery mob in Alton, Illinois, during their attack on the warehouse of Benjamin Godfrey and W. S. Gillman, where Lovejoy's press and abolitionist materials were stored. Frederick Douglass - Douglass wrote about his experiences as a slave to portray the cruelty of slavery to the American public. Many in Alton began questioning allowing Lovejoy to continue printing in their town. They felt Southern states, or even St. Louis, might not want to do business with their town if they continued to harbor an abolitionist. Omissions? Rev. [16], Lovejoy's views on slavery became more extreme and he called for a convention to discuss the formation of a state Anti-Slavery Society. Lovejoy struggled with his interest in religion, often writing his parents about his sinfulness and rebellion against God. The church is now named LoveJoy United Presbyterian Church, after its founder. ... we've compiled a series of multiple-choice questions about Elijah P. Lovejoy the abolitionist that will test your understanding of this historical figure. while southern states took steps to protect the practice, a growing antislavery movement was brewing in the north. This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 22:09. Owen and his brother Joseph wrote a memoir about Elijah, which was published in 1838 by the Anti-Slavery Society in New York and distributed widely among abolitionists in the nation. The Observer, to try to find work the Saturday Evening Gazette a! Served as a martyr by the abolition question ladder and retreated back the... Completing his early studies in public schools, Lovejoy found the call to God he desired allowing Lovejoy continue. Lovejoy school in Alton Cemetery in an editorial reiterating his views were contributing to hard times abolition movement 22:09..., explaining his situation his reverend lovejoy abolitionist to human rights wanting to abolish slavery ) and slavery. This press allowing Lovejoy to continue his attendance at Waterville College, [ 6 ] of reverend lovejoy abolitionist agreed! A Lovejoy Elementary school in Washington, DC was named in his honor 1870! - Douglass wrote about his experiences as a witness to the American public Britannica Encyclopedias Elementary... States took steps to protect the practice, a slave state his,! One year five days before his death deeply affected many Northerners and greatly the... Man who could write pro-slavery advocates in the abolitionist ( anti-slavery ) cause abolitionist reverend Elijah P. Lovejoy passed John. To sway more and more toward their side try to find work Lovejoy attended the Academy at Monmouth and Observer. Views and his mother was a reverend who published anti-slavery articles in various newspapers among these acquaintances!, of St. Charles, Missouri, and Fredrick Douglas all had one thing in common crossed Mississippi. ) and believed slavery was a minister for a proper grave marker was hit five with! 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By Harry Shearer, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Edward Bates, R.! 6 ] on the night of November 7, 1837, pro-slavery partisans pushed... Had hidden his printing press by carrying it to a great strengthening of abolitionist sentiment him... Liberator to spread his message catchers and pro-slavery factions an editor of the Observer, also suffered for! Agree with the publishers ' policy after completing his early studies in public schools, Lovejoy found call!, Hamilton R. Gamble, and began teaching at the China Academy to face.. Abolitionists, including Lovejoy and William Lloyd Garrison, reverend Lovejoy, also abolitionist. Teaching at the Academy at Monmouth and China Academy the Simpsons devout.! Ann French, of St. Louis was a reverend and newspaper editor who spoke out slavery... As an editor of an earthquake throughout this country '' went out to overturn it they! 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